Savijñānam

EDITORIAL

Dear Readers, We are happy to present this new issue of our journal Savijnanam-Scientific Exploration for a Spiritual Paradigm. This issue is the third and fourth volumes combined. You may find that the articles included in this issue are thought-provoking covering profound issues ranging from the nature of physical reality to the nature of God. Since antiquity, many prominent thinkers of the world, for example, Plato to Tagore, Newton to Einstein, have explored to unveil the nature of reality. But reality always seems deeper than our feeble minds can comprehend. Could a combined effort of science and spirituality help to deepen our understanding of the nature of reality?


Science, Spirituality and the Nature of Reality


The first article in this issue, “Science, Spirituality and the Nature of Reality” is a dialogue with Prof. Roger Penrose, a world renowned mathematician from the University of Oxford, and it aims to seek some possible answers to the question of reality. Reflecting on a wide range of topics from consciousness to cosmology and from scientific mystery to mathematical beauty, the dialogue presents useful insights in our quest towards an ultimate reality.


Quantum Physics, Consciousness and a New Science of Healing


“Quantum Physics, Consciousness and a New Science of Healing” by Prof. Amit Goswami from the University of Oregon, Eugene, USA depicts an integration of two sciences – Eastern medicine and Western medicine for a more holistic approach to health. Eastern medicine has concentrated on vital body and the creativity of the vital body. On the other hand, Western medicine has focused on mainly the physical body. In this way we have two systems of medicine, both very good at what they do, but alone neither is the perfect apple of holistic health that holds the key to all cures. The author attempts an integration of the two sciences through “Science within consciousness”, which he proposes on the basis of quantum physics.


Life Comes from Life, Part IIIA


“Life Comes from Life, Part IIIA: A Preliminary Discussion on the Theory of Quantum Reality and Consciousness” by Prof. Jagdish Srivastava is in continuation of his series of articles in this journal. Prof. Srivastava has formulated a theory TK concerning the Foundations of Reality, which includes Quantum Reality,Consciousness, and Reality in general. He compares this theory with eight other contemporary theories of quantum reality and attempts to establish its greater plausibility.


Reality of God’s Existence - Scriptural and Scientific Evidence


In the last article, “Reality of God’s Existence: Scriptural and Scientific Evidence,” a humble attempt is made by us to explore the existence of God based upon scientific and Vedantic perspectives. The scientific or bottom-up process based on experiments, observations and inferences, can, at the most, indicate the presence of God but cannot provide a deeper knowledge of God. The spiritual or scriptural knowledge or the top-down process could provide deeper insights into the nature and existence of God. Thus a synthesis of the top-down and bottom-up processes or a synthesis of scriptural and scientific approaches for the evidence of God’s existence has been called for in this article. The aphorisms of Vedäntasütra V.S. 1.1.3-4, state that the argument for the existence of God should be based on scriptural evidence. In other words, the scriptures are the authority and deciding factor for the complete knowledge of God, just as a mother’s words are the authority in discerning the true identity of the father. This Vedantic process of acquiring knowledge is called avaroha-panthä in Sanskrit. This means that real knowledge should be received through the parampara, the descending, or top-down process. On the other hand, an empirical logic based on experiments, observations and inferences is fundamental to the scientific approach. But it has its own limitations. In Vedanta it is called äroha-panthä or jïäna märga, the ascending path, or the bottom-up process. This scientific process can, at the most, indicate the existence of God. It cannot lead to a deeper knowledge of God. This is because our senses have four inherent limitations. Hence, scientific knowledge based on one’s intellect and sense perception is incomplete while spiritual knowledge provides deeper insights into the nature and existence of God. In this article the author briefly describes the Vedantic epistemology and presents a synthesis of the top-down and bottom-up processes or a synthesis of scriptural and scientific approaches for the evidence of God’s existence. This is the holistic Vedantic paradigm. Finally, he outlines some fundamental attributes of God and His role in the universe from Vedanta and other Vedic scriptures